The most besieged castle in British history would Edinburgh Castle in Scotland. It has a long history of being a stronghold for warriors for two thousand years since the days of the Celts. As time went on, Edinburgh Castle became a stone fortress that saw more than its fair share of battles. The castle sits on top of an extinct volcano, which forms a rocky crag that is almost impossible for an army to climb. During the War of Scottish Independence, Edward I led an army to Edinburgh Castle and unleashed the largest trebuchet ever constructed: Warwolf. The Scottish garrison surrendered afterwards and the castle remained in English control for nearly two decades. Then a band of thirty Scots found a way to climb the crag and over the castle walls, where they slaughtered the two hundred English soldiers who were stationed. During the Tudor Dynasty, Edinburgh became a place where many Scottish kings and queens were born. In fact, when Henry VIII ruled England, he attempted to bully the Scots into marrying Mary, Queen of Scots to his son and heir Edward VI. The Scots refused and the dispute erupted into a conflict that came to be known as the “Rough Wooing”. Edinburgh Castle is also the scene of the atrocity that would inspire the Red Wedding: The Black Dinner. The Black Dinner took place because several ambitious Scottish nobles wanted as much influence over the young Scottish king as they could get their hands on. The only ones standing in their way were the heads of the Douglas Clan. Like Robb Stark, the heads of the Douglas Clan were just kids with their whole lives ahead of them until they were unjustly and brutally killed by their own hosts. When the cook brought the severed head of a black bull to the table, the two Douglas boys were dragged outside and had their heads chopped off. Overall, Edinburgh Castle was the scene of many battles, betrayals, and murders. I will be drawing inspiration from this castle for future fantasy works.

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